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00:08 NGÀY 17/08/2015
Chuyên đề Tiếng Anh: Some practical structures (một số mẫu câu thông dụng)
Some practical structures
(một số mẫu câu thông dụng)
 
1
S + V + SO + Adj/Adv +THAT + S+V
Quá … đến nỗi
2
S+ V + SUCH + A(An/The)+ Adj + Noun +THAT +S+V
3
S + V+ TOO + Adj/Adv (For S.O) +TO- Infinitive
Quá … không thể
4
S + V+ Adj/Adv + ENOUGH +(For S.O)+TO- Infinitive
Đủ… để
 
Ex:*  He spoke very fast. I couldn’t understand him
    ÞHe spoke so fast  that I couldn’t understand him
    ÞHe was  such a fast speaker that I couldn’t understand him
    ÞHe   speaks  too fast for me to understand
    ÞHe  didn’t speak slowly enough for me to understand
·                 The box was very heavy .The child couldn’t carry it
ÞThe box was so heavy that the child couldn’t carry it
ÞIt was such a heavy box that the child couldn’t carry it
ÞThe box was too heavy for the child to carry
ÞThe box wasn’t  light enough for the child to carry
 
 
1
 S+USED TO+ INFINITIVE
Đã từng
Ex: When I was young I used to swim in this river
       Mrs. Lan isn’t as beautiful as she used to(be)
 
2
S+ BE/ GET USED TO+V-ING/ Noun(phrase)
Quen với
Example :
-          My mother is used to getting up early
-          They are not used to the hot weather
-          We aren’t used to studying lesson before coming to the class

3
S + HAVE +O(Người)+ INFINITIVE+ O(vật)
Nhờ, sai, bảo ai làm gì
4
S  + HAVE + O(vật) +P.P +(BY+ O-Người)
5
S +ASK + O+ TO-INFINITIVE + Something
Ex: I had him repair my bicycle yesterday
-          I had my bicycle repaired (by him) yesterday
-          I asked him to repair my bicycle
-          She will have me translate this letter into English
-          She will have this letter translated into English (by me)
-          She will ask me to translate this letter into English
 
6
IT +TAKES +(S.O)+Time +To-infinitive
Mất bao lâu để …
7
S + SPEND +Time +V-ing
 
Ex: It takes me 2 hours to finish this work  . ÛI spend 2 hours finishing this work  
 
  
8
BECAUSE + A Clause (S+V)
Bởi vì
9
BECAUSE OF + A Phrase ( Noun/V-ing . . .)
 
Ex: He was absent because he was sick ÞHe was absent because of his sickness
ÞHe was absent because of being ill
    Because of the bad weather she couldn’t go swimming
ÞBecause  the weather was bad she couldn’t go swimming
     Because of the snow, the train came to the station late
ÞBecause there was the snow, the train came to the station late  ( because it was snowy . . .)
10
THOUGH
ALTHOUGH                + A CLAUSE (S+V)
EVEN THOUGH
Mặc dù
11
IN SPITE OF
DESPITE              + A PHRASE / NOUN PHRASE
 
Ex: Though it rained heavily,they went to the meeting
ÞIn spite of the heavy rain, they went to the meeting
              Although the weather was cold,he went swimming
ÞDespite the cold weather, he went swimming
 
12
IT+BE +ADJ+ (FOR S.O) +TO-INFINITIVE
Thật … để
13
S+ V+  IT (IS) +ADJ/NOUN. . .+ (FOR S.O) +TO-INFINITIVE
 
Moät soá ñoäng töø nhö:make, think, feel, find, become . . .
Ex: Doing  all these work on time is tired
            ÞIt is tired to do all these work on time
            ÞI find it tired to do all these work on time
 
18
IT’S  + TIME  +SINCE  + S + V ( SIMPLE PAST)
Thời gian là  ….  khi . . .
            Ex : It’s ten years since my father died
               It’s over 10 years since I left school
 
19
WHAT + (a /an/ the) +ADJ + NOUN (S+ V)!
Câu cảm
20
HOW +ADJ /ADV + S + V !
 
 Ex: This picture is beautiful  ÞWhat a beautiful picture ! ÞHow beautiful the picture is!
 
21
NO SOONER  (Past perfect) . .  . THAN( Simple past)
Vừa mới... thì
22
HARDLY (Past perfect) . . . WHEN ( Simple past)
 
            Ex: He had no sooner left the office than it began to rain
             I had hardly gone out of the house, the phone in the phone rang
Notes: Nếu muốn nhấn mạnh, thì ta đem “No sooner” và  “Hardly” ra đấu câu và có sự đảo ngữ
Ex : No sooner had he left the office than it began to rain
               Hardly had I gone out of the house, the phone in the phone rang
 
23
NOT ONLY . . . BUT ALSO
Không những … mà còn . . .
24
NOT ONLY . . . BUT  . . . AS WELL .
 
 Ex: She is not only kind but also beautiful                  He not only sings beautifully but also studies well
                  He is not only a teacher but also a musician          He is not only a teacher but  a musician as well .
 
 
                                                       Người viết: Nguyễn Ánh Thúy
                               (Giáo viên Tiếng Anh, Trường THPT Nguyễn Trung Trực)
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